Import Requirement 10 - (Grape Phylloxera – Hosts and Vectors )



Prior to import, a ‘Notice of Intention to Import Plants or Plant Products into Tasmania’ must be submitted to the relevant Biosecurity Tasmania Operations Centre.  Importation must occur in compliance with general Conditions and Restrictions for Prescribed Matter in Part 2 of the Plant Biosecurity Manual Tasmania.

10      Grape Phylloxera – Hosts and Vectors

NOTE:  THIS IMPORT REQUIREMENT IS ONE OF SEVERAL THAT MUST BE MET WHEN MANAGING THE RISK PRESENTED BY HOSTS AND VECTORS OF GRAPE PHYLLOXERA, SUCH AS IMPORT REQUIREMENTS 38 & 39.

A person must not import, or cause to be imported, any vector of grape phylloxera (Daktulosphaira vitifoliae (Fitch)), except in accordance with the following:

I.         Grapevine planting material:


 

 

Phylloxera Management Zone vector originates from:

 

 

Phylloxera Exclusion Zone (PEZ)1

Phylloxera Risk Zone (PRZ)2

Phylloxera Infested Zone (PIZ)3

Grapevine planting material

Cuttings (callused or 
un-callused) and rootlings4

Must have originated from a property free from grape phylloxera

Must be:

a)      cleaned free of soil; and

b)      disinfested by hot water treatment at either:

          i.        54ºC ± 1ºC for 5 minutes; or

         ii.        50ºC ± 1ºC for 30 minutes;

or

Cutting or rootlings that meet ICA-375 satisfy Clause I of this Import Requirement.

Not permitted entry

Tissue-cultures

Must be from an approved source.6

Must be from an approved source

Must be from an approved source

Potted vines

Not permitted entry

Not permitted entry

Not permitted entry

II.       Grape fruit (grapes - loose or bunched): 

 

 

Phylloxera Management Zone vector originates from:

 

 

PEZ

PRZ

PIZ

Grape fruit

Wine grapes

a)    Must have originated from a property free of grape phylloxera;

or

b)    Wine grapes that meet ICA-337 satisfy Clause II of this Import Requirement.

a)    Must have originated from a property free of grape phylloxera;

or

b)    Wine grapes that meet ICA-33 satisfy Clause II of this Import Requirement.

Not permitted entry

Table grapes

Must have originated from a property free of grape phylloxera

Must have originated from a property free of grape phylloxera

Must be disinfested by:

a)    Packaging with sulphur pads containing a minimum of 970g/kg sodium metabisulphite at the labelled rate and in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions;

or

b)    Methyl bromide fumigation.8



 III.      Wine grape products:

 

 

Phylloxera Management Zone vector originates from:

 

 

PEZ

PRZ

PIZ

Wine grape products

Must9 and juice10

Must have originated from a property free of grape phylloxera

a)    Must be loaded into containers/tanks free of soil and plant material over a hard stand11 surface.

or

b)    ‘Must’/juice that meets ICA-2212satisfies Clause III of this Import Requirement

a)    Must be loaded into containers/tanks free of soil and plant material over a hard stand surface.

or

b)    ‘Must’/juice that meets ICA-22 satisfies Clause III of this Import Requirement

Marc13

Must have originated from a property free of grape phylloxera

Must be disinfested by composting according to Australian Standard AS4454

Must be disinfested by composting according to Australian Standard AS4454



IV.     Agricultural equipment and machinery14:

 

Phylloxera Management Zone vector originates from:

 

PEZ

PRZ

PIZ

Agricultural equipment and machinery

Must have been used in a PEZ for at least the last two weeks

Must be:

a)    Thoroughly cleaned free of any prescribed matter, including soil, plants, seeds or other plant material or debris by steam15;

OR

b) 

 i)    Thoroughly cleaned free of any prescribed matter, including soil, plants, seeds or other plant material or debris by some other method;

and

ii)     Disinfested by dry heat treatment at:

          i.      45ºC for 75 minutes; or

         ii.      40ºC for two hours

Must be:

a)      Thoroughly cleaned free of any prescribed matter, including soil, plants, seeds or other plant material or debris by steam15;

         OR

b) 

 i)    Thoroughly cleaned free of any prescribed matter, including soil, plants, seeds or other plant material or debris by some other method;

and

ii)     Disinfested by dry heat treatment at:

          i.      45ºC for 75 minutes; or

         ii.      40ºC for two hours

Consignments must be accompanied by a Plant Health Certificate or a Plant Health Assurance Certificate.

1        “Phylloxera Exclusion Zone (PEZ)” means an area recognised as being free of grape phylloxera, demonstrated by scientific evidence.

2        “Phylloxera Risk Zone (PRZ)” means an area not defined as a PEZ or PIZ, where the grape phylloxera status is unknown.

3        “Phylloxera Infested Zone (PIZ)” means an area containing grape vines known to be infested with grape phylloxera or have been infested with grape phylloxera.

4        “Rootlings” mean cuttings grown on to develop roots.

5        “ICA-37” means ‘Interstate Certification Assurance Scheme document number 37 – Hot Water Treatment of Grapevines’.

6        “Approved Source” means a source approved by DPIPWE.

7        “ICA-33” means ‘Interstate Certification Assurance Scheme document number 33 – Movement of Wine Grapes’.

8        Methyl bromide fumigation must be applied according to one of the following treatments:

Fruit pulp temperature (ºC)

Dosage Rate (g/m3)

Duration (hours)

Dosage at 30 minutes (75%)

Dosage at 2 hours (60%)

21ºC or greater

32

2

24g/m3

20g/m3

Between 15.5ºC and 21ºC

40

2

30g/m3

24g/m3

Between 10ºC and 15.5ºC

48

2

36g/m3

29g/m3

 

9        “Must” is the total product of crushing grape fruit, including juice, skins, seeds, pulp and possibly some stems and leaves.

10     “Juice” is the liquid fraction from must, excluding skins, seeds and other large solids.

11     “Hard stand” means a hard surface such as consolidated gravel or rubble surface or bitumen.  Excludes earth surfaces.

12     “ICA-22” means ‘Interstate Certification Assurance Scheme document number 22 – Transfer of Grape Must and Unfiltered Juice from a Phylloxera Infested Zone (PIZ) or Phylloxera Risk Zone (PRZ) for Winemaking in a Phylloxera Exclusion Zone (PEZ)’.

13     “Marc” is the solids residue from crushing or pressing of must or wine, containing skins, seeds and possibly some stems.

14     “Agricultural equipment and machinery” includes any machinery, hand-operated equipment, tools, bins, containers, used fencing and posts or farmyard vehicles used for the production and processing of grapes and grapevines in an area where grape vines are grown.  (Please note this definition is specific to Import Requirement 10 and differs to that which normally applies in the Manual.)

15     “Steam” must be above 100ºC and be applied to all surfaces.

·          Consignments that meet ICA-23 (Certification of Area or Property Freedom Based on Monitoring by the Accrediting Authority), satisfy any condition of this Import Requirement where area or property freedom from grape phylloxera is required.

·          Please Note:  In selected circumstances, alternative fumigation treatments may exist in relation to the use of carbon dioxide or sulphur dioxide as referred to in Section 2.7.


For more information, please contact

Plant Biosecurity
Phone: 1300 368 550
Email: Biosecurity.planthealth@dpipwe.tas.gov.au

Grape Phylloxera (GP)

Import Requirement

ICA-22: Transfer of Grape Must and Fresh Juice from a Phylloxera Infested Zone (PIZ) or Phylloxera Risk Zone (PRZ) for Winemaking in a Phylloxera Free Zone (PEZ)
ICA-23: Certification of Area or Property Freedom Based on Monitoring by the Accrediting Authority
ICA-33: Movement of Wine Grapes
ICA-37: Hot Water Treatment of Grapevines

None

None